Under the Ottomans it became the starting point of caravans to Persia.Trabzon was included (1920) in the short-lived independent state of Armenia.The city's large Greek population was deported in 1922–23. The best preserved is the 13th-century Church of Aya Sophia (now a museum), an excellent example of Byzantine architecture. Trabzon is a port on the Black Sea, through which hazelnuts, tobacco, wool, and construction lumber are exported.The city is the site of Black Sea Technical Univ.(or Trebizond), a city in northeastern Turkey. It is the point of origin of a highway to Iran that passes through Erzurum. Industry includes food processing, the production of cement, shipbuilding, and fishing. Trabzon was founded by Greeks from Sinope in about the mid-seventh century , it was part of the Byzantine Empire, and from 1204 to 1461 it was the capital of the Empire of Trebizond. A former Greek empire occupying much of the southern coast of the Black Sea.It was founded as an offshoot of the Byzantine Empire in 1204 and retained its autonomy until it was conquered by Ottoman Turks in 1461.
The Emperors of Trebizond pressed their claim on the Imperial throne for decades after the Nicaean reconquest of Constantinople in 1261.misnam'd - Inmate of highest stars, where erst it sham'd All other loveliness : its honied dew(The fabled nectar that the heathen knew) Deliriously sweet, was dropp'd from Heaven, And fell on gardens of the unforgiven In - and on a sunny flower So like its own above that, to this hour, It still remaineth, torturing the bee With madness, and unwonted reverie : In Heaven, and all its environs, the leaf And blossom of the fairy plant, in grief Disconsolate linger - grief that hangs her head, Repenting follies that full long have fled, Heaving her white breast to the balmy air, Like guilty beauty, chasten'd, and more fair : Nyctanthes too, as sacred as the light She fears to perfume, perfuming the night :'Who today speaks of the annihilation of THEARMENIANs?' Today the small but active Armenian community in Wales will commemorate the centenary of what many historians see as the 20th century's first genocide. Although it suffered from invasions by barbarians after the 3d cent., it again became a prosperous port under the Byzantine Empire.Under the rule of Alexius III (1349–90) the city was one of the world's leading trade centers and was renowned for its great wealth and artistic accomplishment.Geographically, the Empire of Trebizond consisted of the narrow strip along the southern coast of the Black Sea and the western half of the Pontic Alps, along with the Gazarian Perateia, or southern Crimea (soon losing Genoese Gazaria and Theodorite Gazaria).Its demographic legacy endured for several centuries after the Ottoman conquest in 1461 and the region retained a substantial number of Greek Orthodox inhabitants until 1923. The eastern branch, who settled around Kars and Georgia, are often referred to as Caucasus Greeks, and the Crimean branch, resettled by Catherine the Great on the north shores of the Sea of Azov, are referred to as Mariupolitan Greeks.In 1461 it was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and became part of the Ottoman Empire.The empire at Trebizond was founded in 1204 at the eastern end of the southern shore of the Black Sea by Alexios Komnenos, grandson of Emperor Andronikos I, who while still a child had fled Constantinople for Georgia on the overthrow and murder of his grandfather in 1185.Its continued reliance on the friendship of its powerful Muslim neighbours is demonstrated by the number of marriage alliances between the imperial family in Trebizond and the rulers of various Turkmen and Mongol groupings.When the Ottoman Sultan captured Constantinople in 1453, the Trebizond emperor paid tribute to the Ottomans, before allying himself with the Khan of the White Sheep. The last emperor and most members of his family were executed two years later after refusing conversion to Islam.