They own the soil which belongs either to individual landowners or to village communities.They will not be content either to be expropriated for Jewish immigrants or to act merely as hewers of wood and drawers of water to the latter.” There were only 19 small Jewish settlements in Palestine by 1900, all of them established by Edmond de Rothschild.The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about 40,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found.
Thus the Zionists targeted Jaffa in order to destroy the Palestinian “propaganda” arm. Only ten days after the outbreak, the majority of Jaffa’s Arab population, numbering at least 50,000, were ethnically cleansed.
Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern country, emerging as one of the world's first nation states in the tenth millennium BC.
Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt experienced some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government.
It read: His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. The "Balfour Declaration" was later incorporated into both the Sèvres peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire, and the Mandate for Palestine.
The original document is kept at the British Library.